External Resources

  10 Tips on How to Write Less Badly, by Michael C. Munger Summary and advice on the most challenging points of writing: set goals based on output; conceive of your writing as the answer to a puzzle; write, then add the other points.
General Essay Writing Tips This article contains the writing steps, brainstorming, selecting a topic, and writing the essay.
Guide to Writing a Basic Essay Website with simple steps to help guide you through writing an essay: topic, outline, thesis, body, introduction, conclusion, and finishing touches.
Purdue Online Writing Lab The Online Writing Lab (OWL) at Purdue University houses writing resources and instructional material.
Synonym Finder Enter a word and search for synonyms to help you avoid using the same word too repetitively, redundantly, recurrently, incessantly, etc.
University of Toronto Writing General writing information on general advice, transition to university, essay topics, and grading policy
Getting Ready to Write
  How to Write an Outline (Los Angeles Valley College Library) Concise discussion with step-by-step examples of outlining
Model Essays Examples of short essays demonstrating a variety of rhetorical styles
How to Make a Mind Map Video guidance for making a mind map. Example with step-by-step instructions for developing your writing ideas in creative, insightful ways.
Snappy Words - Free Online Visual Dictionary An online interactive English dictionary and thesaurus that helps you find the meanings of words and draw connections to associated words. You can easily see the meaning of each by simply placing the mouse cursor over it.
Graph Words - Online Thesaurus An English online thesaurus that helps you find the meanings of words and show connections among related words. You can easily see the meaning of each word by simply placing the mouse cursor over it.
Vocabulary Exercises for the Academic Word List The Academic Word List (AWL) is a list of words which appear with high frequency in English-language academic texts.
Preparing to write and drafting the paper An explanation of the process of gathering evidence, the first draft, the introduction, styles of drafting, and the revision process
Developing Your Ideas
An Academic Writing Module: Paragraphs Paragraph writing exercises for self-directed study. Progressively more difficult activities to master topic sentences, building paragraphs, types of paragraphs and incorporating sources. Example research paper with in-text citations.
Tutorial, "Avoiding Plagiarism" In this tutorial, you will learn what plagiarism is, how to recognize 7 different kinds of plagiarism, the correct way to use 'open access' materials, the consequences of plagiarism, and how to avoid plagiarism by citing sources correctly, recognizing 'common knowledge', writing good paraphrases, writing good summaries, and taking careful notes.
Free plagiarism checkers: Advanced information search technology to determine the source of potentially plagiarized material. Check your paraphrases by entering text for a quick check or deep search of documents on the Internet and in private collections
Plagiarisma.Net Upload a file, paste text, or enter a URL to determine if that material is plagiarized from books, articles and scholarly works in many languages. Valuable features: Article Rewriter to check your paraphrases, Spelling Checker to automatically correct grammar and spelling, Synonymizer to rewrite sentences with synonyms to produce unique text
Plagtracker Plagiarism check that allows you to upload a document and scan for plagiarism in the plagtracker database
APA Style The American Psychological Association (APA) is one of the most often used style sheets for research papers. Free tutorials to learn the basics of APA style, an online course to learn more about APA, FAQ and a Quick Answers section: in-text citations, citing media, format for title page, tables and figures.
A Guide for Writing Research Papers based on Styles Recommended by The American Psychological Association Useful and efficient Question & Answer format to answer questions about APA manuscript preparation, format, references and in-text (parenthetical) citations.
MLA Citation Style The Modern Language Association (MLA) is also a popular style sheet for writing research papers. This Cornell site focuses on citation with format examples of every kind of citation as well as for the Works Cited list of references at the end of the paper.
Guide to Writing Research Papers: MLA Style Attention to the format details of the MLA stylesheet: paper, margins and headings, page numbering, tables and figures. Sample research paper with helpful commentary.
Revising Your Work
  Audacity Free, open source, cross-platform software for recording and editing sounds. Download to your computer; use to record and play back when you read your paper out loud to check it.
Revision Checklist A simple checklist to ensure that writers have covered all important areas: clear introduction and thesis statement, clear purpose, smooth transitions, support for thesis statement, specific examples, and so on.
A strategy for analyzing and revising a first draft Steps for re-reading and revising your essays in an objective way that will enable you to diagnose your errors
Reorganizing drafts Strategies for successfully organizing (and reorganizing) your essays, from reverse outlining, sectioning, and visualization to avoiding common pitfalls such as plot summary, generalization, and competing ideas
Revision Tips This website explains how to revise your thesis, introduction, conclusion, organization, development, audience and point of view, and suggestions to help you edit your essay with some focus on grammar and punctuation.
Revising Your Paper Multiple questions to ask yourself for when you begin you revising your writing
Editing and Polishing
  Resources for Automated Writing Evaluation A wide choice of free and commercial software to evaluate grammar, spelling, writing quality
Resources for Punctuation Links for other information about using punctuation
Grammar Journal Templates for creating your own grammar journal to record your frequent grammar mistakes in writing in three formats: webpage, spreadsheet or word processed document
APA Title Page Example of a research paper title page format using APA style, showing where each element of the page appears
APA Second Page Example of the format of the second page of a research paper indicating the format using APA style
MLA First Page Example of the format of the first page of a research paper using MLA style, showing where each element of the page appears
How to Polish Your Writing Until It Shines Your manuscript has been critiqued and edited but still needs an additional polish or two, to search for a few typos, misplaced words, and confusing sentences. This website provides you with several things you can do to help you see the mistakes.
Improve Your Writing with These Editing Tips Tips and tricks to help you make your writing more effective.